Testicular cancer is one of the most common cancers in men aged 15 to 34 in Ireland
Testicular cancer is most common in young men. However, if this cancer is found early, then it can be treated successfully and nearly always cured. So, if you have any of the following symptoms get yourself to a doctor right away! The doctor will examine your testicles (balls) and might send you for other tests.
What do I need to look out for?
- If you notice a lump, hardness or change in one or both of your testicles (balls) then see a doctor. It’s probably harmless, but you need to check with a doctor.
- The lump is usually not painful but it can cause a bit of discomfort or heaviness in the testicle or scrotum. Do you notice anything that is unusual for you?
- One testicle might become larger after puberty.
- You are at greater risk if one testicle (ball) is missing, or has not dropped into the scrotum (ball bag) yet. If you think you have this, then visit a doctor as it can usually be easily corrected.
What is testicular cancer?
- This cancer is an uncontrolled growth of cells in one or both testicles. These cells cause a lump or a tumour.
- There is a danger that cancerous cells will break away from the tumour and grow into new lumps in other parts of the body.
Treatment for testicular cancer
If I have testicular cancer what treatment is available?
- Treatment could involve removal of part of or all of the testicle (ball).
- After a small operation, you might need radiotherapy or chemotherapy.
- Radiotherapy uses radiation treatment to destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy uses drugs to destroy cancer cells.
- Cancer treatment won’t normally affect your sex life and there is little risk of fertility being permanently damaged. Knowing the signs to watch for and having treatment early is important.