Staying safe while using Facebook

Find out how to protect your security and privacy while using Facebook.

Written by spunout


Facebook is one of the most popular social media sites in the world. It allows you to keep in touch with family and friends, share posts, see what other people are up to, create and RSVP to events, join groups, buy and sell things second hand, and more.

Using Facebook can be a great way to keep up with what’s going on, but it can also come with risks. Taking care of your security and privacy is important when using sites like Facebook, and there are a few ways you can manage this.

Although Facebook and Facebook Messenger are linked, they are two different apps, and the security and privacy settings for Facebook Messenger are different. Find out how to manage your security in Facebook Messenger.

In this section:

How to run a security check on Facebook

Facebook has a number of tools that allow you to keep on top of your security settings. You can use their security check tool to update your security settings and see past activity on your account.

With security check, you can:

  • View what devices you are logged into and log out of any devices you choose.
  • Set up log-in alerts to get notified every time someone tries to log in on a new device or browser.
  • Test the strength of your password and get advice for making it stronger.

Run your security check through the Facebook Help Centre.

How to run a privacy check on Facebook

Facebook offer a privacy checkup service that allows you to review your privacy settings and make sure that you are comfortable with who can see your posts.

To run a privacy checkup, click the ? icon at the top of your News Feed, and select ‘Privacy Checkup’ from the menu.

This allows you to:

  • Review who can see your posts and information from your profile, like your phone number, birthday, and email address.
  • View your settings for apps you’ve logged into with Facebook.
  • Review and adjust your privacy settings to change who can see your posts.

You can also change your privacy settings any time through your Facebook settings.

Deciding who can see your Facebook profile and posts

When you’re using Facebook, anyone else on the site can view your profile, but it’s up to you how much they get to see and who gets to see it.

If there is someone you want to prevent from viewing your profile entirely, you can block them.

Friending and unfriending

By adding someone as a friend, you are allowing that person to see everything on your profile, unless you make those posts private or change the audience.

If you don’t want to be connected with someone anymore, you can unfriend them. This means you won’t be able to see your posts and they won’t be able to see yours, unless all of your posts are ‘public’, which means anyone can see them.

The person won’t be notified that you’ve unfriended them, but they may find out if they visit your profile and see that you are no longer Facebook friends.

Deleting and hiding posts

If there is something you have posted on your Facebook timeline that you don’t want others to see, you can delete or hide the post.

Deleting it means it will be removed from Facebook entirely. Remember, just because you have deleted something does not mean it hasn’t already been seen by others, and it could have been screenshot.

Hiding something means it will be removed from your timeline on your profile, but people can still see it on the News Feed.

You can also change the audience settings on the post by changing it to ‘only me’, which means it will still be on Facebook but you will be the only person who can see it.

Choosing your audience

Every time you post something to Facebook, you get to decide who sees it by changing the audience settings. You can choose between:

  • Public
  • Friends
  • Friends except… (choose specific people you do not want to see the post)
  • Specific friends (choose a select number of people who will be the only people who can view the post)
  • Only me
  • Custom

If you want to change the audience settings for a post after it’s been published, you can do this by selecting the menu at the top of the post, next to the date and time.

Creating custom lists

Creating custom lists is another way to control who sees your posts. You can make a custom list when posting something by going through the audience settings, or by editing Friend lists in the Explore tab.. Find out more about friend lists.

You can also add someone to a restricted list to decide what they will and won’t see.

Controlling timeline and tags

You also have control over what posts appear on your timeline and what posts you are tagged in. If you have been tagged in a post, this means your friends can see it. If you don’t want the post to be seen by your friends, you can untag yourself. However, untagging yourself will not remove the post from the site. If you think the post should be taken down, either ask the person who posted it to remove it, or report it to Facebook.

You can review any posts you are tagged on or anything that is posted on your timeline and either accept or reject the tag or the post. To do this, turn on tag review and timeline review.

View your profile as others

If you’re not sure what people can and can’t see on your profile, you can test it out by using the ‘View as…’ feature. To do this, go to your profile and click the three dots on your cover photo, then select ‘View As…’

You can then see what your profile looks like to people you’re not friends with, and you can also choose to see what it looks like to a specific friend, which can be useful if you’ve tried to stop them from seeing certain posts in your audience settings.

Controlling what you see on Facebook

What appears on your Facebook News Feed depends on who you’re friends with, what pages you follow, and what groups you’re a member of. You will also see ads based on things you’re interested in, sites you’ve visited, or because you are part of a ‘target audience’.

Following and unfollowing

One way to see someone else’s content is by following them. You can follow people you’re not friends with, and you can also follow or ‘like’ pages, which allows you to get updates on your feed. Most people follow celebrities, news publications, or pages about topics they’re interested in.

If you don’t want to follow them anymore, you can simply visit their profile and unfollow them.

If you are friends with someone and you don’t want to see their posts but you also don’t want to unfriend them, you can also unfollow that person. This means you will still be Facebook friends, but their posts will no longer appear in your feed.


If you want to reduce how much you’re seeing of one person on your News Feed, but you don’t want to unfollow them entirely, you can snooze them for a while. This means you will stop seeing their posts for 30 days, which lets you take a break but continue to follow them after that time.

You can snooze someone by clicking the three dots next to their Facebook post and selecting the snooze option.


There are many groups on Facebook based on different interests. For example, if you’re interested in video games, you can join a Facebook group with other people who are interested in video games.

These groups can be public, meaning anyone can see who is in the group and what they have posted, or private, meaning only members of the group can see the posts, they they must be accepted into the group by an admin.

Once you’re in a group, you will see posts to the group in your timeline. If you want to stop seeing posts from a specific group, you can leave it or by unfollowing the group by visiting the group page.

Be careful about which groups you join and who you interact with. You have no way of knowing who the other members of the group really are. If someone from a group tries to add you or message you, remember you do not have to accept it if it makes you uncomfortable.

Blocking and reporting on Facebook

Blocking and reporting are important tools on Facebook. They help to prevent people you don’t want any contact with from viewing your profile, and it can remove content that is offensive or inappropriate from the site.

Blocking someone on Facebook

When you block someone on Facebook, they will not be able to find you if they search for you on Facebook, view your profile, or send you a message. They also won’t be able to add you as a friend or interact with your profile in any way.

If you block someone, you will also not be able to interact with them, unless you unblock them first.

To block someone, go to their profile and click the three dots on their cover photo, then select ‘Block’.

You can also block someone from Facebook Messenger without blocking them from seeing your Facebook profile. Make sure they are blocked on both Messenger and Facebook if this is what you want.

Reporting something on Facebook

If you see something on Facebook that you think is wrong, offensive, or inappropriate, you can report it. When you report something, it is sent to Facebook to review. If it goes against their Community Standards, it will be taken down. If not, they will leave the post up, and they will let you know why.

To report something, click the three dots next to the post and select ‘Find support or report this post’. You can also report another user by visiting their profile, report a group, or an event.

There are different steps for reporting a message on Facebook Messenger.

If you are being blackmailed or someone is threatening to share intimate images, you can fill out this form to report it to Facebook.

Protecting your location on Facebook

Facebook offer a number of different location services that allow you to share where you are with other people.

Sharing exact location

One way it does this is by allowing you to share your exact location with friends in Facebook Messenger, which can track you for up to an hour, even when you’re not using the app.

Checking in

Another way you can share your location is by letting you ‘check in’ at businesses, restaurants, cafes, and events to show people where you are and what you’re up to. Remember, this means everyone will know where you are for as long as you’re at that location after you check in.

Location on posts

If your location is always switched on, this means it could be shared even when you’re just posting a picture or a status update. Make sure to keep an eye on your location settings, and switch them off if you don’t want it to be shared.

Facebook can even build up a precise history of your location over time. To view your location history and switch it off, go to your settings in the Facebook app.

Learn more about location settings on the Facebook help centre.

How to protect your Facebook account against getting hacked

While there may be no way of being 100% certain your account will not get hacked, there are things you can do to reduce the chances that someone can get into your account.

If your account ever does get hacked, follow these steps to secure your account immediately:

Secure your log in

Make it difficult for someone else to get into your account by increasing the security when you log in.

Set up login alerts

Login alerts: Facebook allows you to set up alerts every time someone logs in on an unrecognised device. This way you’ll know if someone logged in on a device that wasn’t yours.

Log out

Log out of your account if you were using Facebook on a shared device or on someone else’s phone or computer. This is especially important when it comes to public computers.

If you forgot to log out of a device, you can do this through your Facebook settings.

Be wary of phishing sites

Sometimes you might receive an email that looks like it’s from Facebook, or you may come across a site that appears to be Facebook (and may even have a similar URL), but they are actually phishing scams. These sites want you to enter your log in information and other personal details which could allow them access to your accounts.

If you ever receive a suspicious email, ignore it and don’t click any links.

Fake accounts on Facebook

Sometimes you may come across fake accounts on Facebook. Often, these accounts have been created to try and get money out of other Facebook users. You might get a friend request from a stranger, or you could be added by someone you know and are already friends with on Facebook. If this happens, reach out to your friend and ask if it’s them before accepting the request. If it’s not them, report the account to Facebook and get your friend to report it too.

Avoid accepting friend requests from strangers as you have no way of knowing who they are or why they have added you. It’s also best to ignore message requests from people you don’t know on Facebook Messenger.

Someone created a fake account pretending to be me

If someone has created an account pretending to be you, report the account to Facebook by visiting the fake profile, clicking the three dots on their cover photo, and clicking ‘report’. Ask your friends to report the account too.

Ads on Facebook

A lot of the posts you see on your timeline may say ‘Sponsored’ at the top, which means they are ads. These are posts people have paid to put in front of you while you are scrolling through your News Feed.

Often, ads are targeted at you based on your interests, other websites you’ve visited, or key information about you like your age, location, and gender.

If you are seeing too much of one ad or you want to change the types of ads you are seeing, go to to view and edit your preferences.

Learn more about social media ads.

How to deactivate your Facebook account

If you need a break from Facebook and you want to remove your account and your profile, you can deactivate it.

You can choose to either temporarily deactivate your account, which means your profile will be gone but you can reactivate it at any time, or you can permanently delete your account, which means your account will be gone entirely and you won’t be able to reactivate it.

If you temporarily deactivate your account, you will still be able to use Facebook Messenger. If you permanently delete your account, you will no longer be able to use Facebook Messenger through that account.

You can cancel your request to permanently delete your account within 30 days. After that, it will be gone.

Remember, if you use Facebook to log into other sites such as Spotify, you will need to change your log in information for these sites.

How do I check or change my Privacy Settings?

It’s important to make sure you’re aware of who can see what you’re doing, saying and sharing on Facebook.

From the Facebook news feed on your desktop you’ll find a question mark with the circle around it beside it in the menu bar on the top right hand corner of the screen.

Here you’ll find your privacy settings and you’ll have the option to do a privacy check-up.

This tool helps you quickly check your privacy settings regarding personal posts, apps you use via Facebook and your profile.

You can also get a more detailed rundown at Facebook’s dedicated Privacy Basics page.

How do I decide who can see my profile and contact me on Facebook?

You can control these things via your Security Settings, which are found by clicking the down arrow beside the question mark and selecting ‘Settings’.

On the right hand side select ‘Privacy’. From here, you can see your privacy settings and make changes.

Facebook leaves it up to you to decide who can send you friend requests, who can or can’t contact you, and how people can find your profile online.

Make sure to check your settings and decide which ones are most suitable for you.

Who can see my status updates, photos and things on my timeline?

Only you and your friends can post to your timeline. When you post something you can control who sees it by using the audience selector so it can be set to either public or friends/friends of friends.

When other people post on your timeline, you can control who sees this information. Scroll up to the top of your profile, find the Activity Log button and click the three little dots beside it.

This will give you the option to head back to your Timeline Settings.

Here you’re given the option to control a number of things including “who can see what others post on your timeline”.

If you want to double check what your profile looks like from someone else’s perspective, you can choose the ‘View As’ option pictured above and type in a name. It’ll also allow you to see what your profile looks like to a stranger online. You can also access this feature on mobile by clicking ‘view as’ at the top of your profile underneath your name.

How do I block someone on Facebook?

If you want to block someone, click on the question mark, select Privacy Shortcuts from the settings and click on the tab for “How do I stop someone from bothering me?”, as below.

You can also block people who send you a friend request by selecting the option to block on the drop-down menu (bottom right of cover photo) on their profile page.

Reporting content

If you find a comment or content abusive or offensive on Facebook you can report it by clicking on the pencil menu to the right of the post. Your reporting will be anonymous so anyone or post you report won’t contain any info to suggest who you are.

How do I report a page?

If you want to report a page you can go to the page you want to report and click on the ‘…’ dropdown menu as below.

How do I report a photo?

If you want to report a photo, you can simply select ‘options’ on the bottom of the picture and click ‘report’.

reporting a photo on facebook

How do I unfriend someone?

If you no longer want to be friends with someone or want to block them from viewing your profile at all, you can go to that friend’s page and on the bottom right hand corner of their cover photo, where it says ‘Friends’, click the dropdown where you will see an option to ‘unfriend’.

unfriend on facebook

You can add a friend again later by sending them a friend request.

How do I deactivate or get rid of my account?

If you want to take a break from Facebook and have your page disappear with you, you can ‘deactivate’ your account.

  • Head to your Settings, click on General Account Settings and scroll to the end of the menu to the option Manage account.
  • Click on Manage account and then choose option to Deactivate your account.
  • Remember you can always reactivate your account when you want at a later date.

Social reporting:

This type of reporting is for something that you might not be happy with but that doesn’t break Facebook’s Terms of Services. It allows you to contact the person or page that you have an issue with and ask them to take content down.

Most people will but in some cases of bullying, you might not be comfortable asking yourself so you could ask a parent, teacher or trusted friend to do it for you. You can check out Facebook’s Report Links here.

Top Safety Tips:

  • Only add or accept friend requests from people you actually know.
  • Choose a good password and don’t share it with anyone.
  • If it looks like a dodgy link or spam, it probably is so don’t click on it.
  • Always log out of your account when using other people’s computers or if you’re on a shared computer.

Under 18? Remember:

Previously 13-18 year old FB users were considered ‘minors’ and so could only share content with friends. However, this has changed and now these posts can be viewed publicly and even shared so it may be wise to update your audience options for posts (see above).

Get to grips with Graph Search

Graph Search makes it easier to search for the information you share on Facebook. So whether that’s your photos, pages you like, TV shows you watch, people will be able to search things like “friends who like Breaking Bad” or “photos of friends in Thailand”.

As this feature makes it easier for people to find info you share, it might be a good idea to go back through some of this information and decide whether it’s something you want to be easily searchable and to choose the audience for things you post or have posted. With graph search people can only see things that have already been shared with them, there are no changes to who can see your stuff.

Suicide Prevention:

If you come across someone who is suicidal or are worried about a post, check Facebook’s Suicide prevention tools for advice about what to do.

Safety Centre

If you’re still worried then be sure to check out Facebook’s Safety Centre for more useful tips.

Anti Bullying Centre

Facebook have recently launched a resource page that is focused on bullying and abuse. It has a list of some really useful tools and resources to help fight bullying on the platform. Click here to visit the resource.

How do I run a security check up?

Facebook have recently launched a really useful tool to allow you to check how secure your account is. The check takes you through:

  • What apps and browsers you’re currently logged into and allows you to sign out of them if you wish.
  • To set up alerts to let you know when your account is being logged into a device/app.
  • Gives you a chance to review how strong your password is.

You can start your security check up here.

The support dashboard

A really useful place on Facebook to check in on the things you’ve reported to see if action has been taken. Facebook feeds back to you on what action they have taken and why. It also directs you to some of the resources discussed earlier –

Need more information, advice or guidance?

We offer information, advice and guidance about the issues that matter to you. Our online Youth Information Chat service is for 16 to 25 year olds and is available Monday to Friday, 4pm to 8pm (excluding Bank Holidays).

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