If your landlord tries to increase your rent, there are laws that control how often it can be raised. The rules covering rent increases will depend upon where you are living.
Rent increases in Rent Pressure Zones
Rules around rent increases vary depending on where you live in Ireland. To understand your rights, it is important to know whether you live inside or outside a Rent Pressure Zone.
What is a Rent Pressure Zone?
There are certain areas around the country called Rent Pressure Zones (RPZ). In these areas, rent can be increased every year by a maximum of 4%. These zones are located in parts of the country where the rents are highest and continue to rise. The purpose of these zones is to slow the rise of rent in these areas so that those living in that area can live in accommodation that is affordable.
How often can rent be increased in a RPZ?
Rent in a RPZ can be raised every 12 months by no more than 4%. However, if you started renting in a RPZ before the 24th of December 2016, the landlord can only increase the rent 24 months after your tenancy begins. After this, the landlord will be entitled to review the rent every 12 months in accordance with the RPZ rules.
Are there any exemptions to the RPZ rules?
The RPZ rules do not apply:
- Where the property has not been let in the previous two years or
- Where there has been a substantial change in the nature of the accommodation
How do I know if I am renting in a RPZ?
Use the RPZ Calculator to find out if you are renting in a Rent Pressure Zone. If you are renting in a RPZ, the calculator will also tell you the highest rate of rent you can be expected to pay.
What must a landlord provide when I start renting in a RPZ?
If you start renting in a Rent Pressure Zone, unless the property does not come under the restrictions, the landlord has to provide you with the following things in writing at the beginning of the tenancy:
- The amount the rent was for the last tenant
- The date the rent was last set for the previous tenant
- A statement that shows how the rent was calculated for the previous tenant under the rent pressure zone restrictions
If you don’t get this, you can take further action through the Residential Tenancies Board (RTB).
Rent increases outside of Rent Pressure Zones
If you are renting outside of a Rent Pressure Zone, you still have rights as a tenant.
How often can rent be increased outside of a RPZ?
Outside of Rent Pressure Zones, landlords can only review the rent 24 months after the tenancy starts or 24 months from the date of the last valid rent increase.
How much can rent be increased by outside of a RPZ?
If you are renting outside of a RPZ, there is no percentage limit on how much your landlord can increase your rent by. However, they cannot charge more than ‘market rent’, which is the going rate for your type of accommodation in the area you live. To determine ‘market rent’, you can check a number of sources including the Residential Tenancies Board (RTB) Rent Index, property websites, property agents, to let ads in newspapers etc.
What are my rights when my landlord wants to increase the rent?
In seeking to increase the rent, whether you are residing in a RPZ or not:
- Your landlord must give you at least 90 days written notice of the amount of the new rent and date it is to take effect from
- The notice must be in writing. Email, text or verbal notice are not valid
- The landlord must show how the rent is calculated in accordance with the rules
- You must be given at least three comparable rents of similar properties in your area which have been advertised in the previous four weeks to your review
- The written review must also advise you that if you wish to dispute the review, you can refer a case to the RTB which you must do within 90 days of receipt of the notice or before the date when the review is to take effect, whichever is later
- If you wish to challenge a valid notice of rent review, you continue paying the current rent until the RTB issue a Determination Order
Where to go for further help?
If you require further assistance with a rent review query or any other tenancy issue, you can contact Threshold by visiting threshold.ie or phoning freephone 1800 454 454 to speak to an advisor.
You can also read more about dealing with problems during your tenancy.
Need more information?
We are here to answer your questions and talk through your options. Our online chat service is for 16 to 25 year olds and is available Monday to Friday, 4pm to 8pm. Chat to us now about your situation.