People over the age of 16 in Ireland can now receive their COVID-19 vaccine. Getting a vaccine is the best way to protect yourself against COVID-19.
In this article:
- How to get a COVID-19 vaccine
- Deciding which vaccine to register for
- Consent and the vaccine
- Types of COVID-19 vaccines
- Vaccine side-effects
- COVID-19 vaccine concerns
How to get a COVID-19 vaccine
Vaccines are now being made available to young people aged 16-34 in Ireland. To get a vaccine, you can either register on the HSE vaccine registration portal, book an appointment with a participating pharmacy or attend one of the walk-in vaccination clinics at certain times.
How do I get a vaccine appointment?
16-17: If you are aged 16-17, you can now register for the COVID-19 vaccine via the HSE vaccine registration portal. You should receive an appointment to receive either a Pfizer of Moderna vaccine within several weeks of registering. Your vaccination will be carried out at a vaccination centre. People aged 16-17 can consent to the vaccine. However, if you want a parent/ guardian to come with you for support while getting the vaccine, they are allowed to do so.
18 and over: Anyone over the age of 18 can register for a vaccine via the HSE vaccine registration portal. You can register to receive a Pfizer or Moderna vaccine, which is the preferred vaccine for people under the age of 50, and should receive an appointment for this vaccine type within 3-4 weeks of registering. You can also opt-in to receive an AstraZeneca vaccine.
18-34 year olds: You also have the option to receive the one-shot Janssen vaccine at a pharmacy. To book an appointment for the Janssen vaccine, you will need to contact a participating pharmacy. To register with a pharmacy, you will need to phone them or use the online booking portal if one is available. Only some pharmacies have online booking portals. There is limited supply and it may take a number of weeks to get an appointment.
It is possible to register both with the HSE and a pharmacy, but if you receive an appointment date that you would like to attend, make sure to cancel the other appointment so that dose doesn’t go to waste.
When will I get my COVID-19 vaccine after registering?
It can take a number of weeks to get your vaccine appointment after you register. How soon you are vaccinated will depend on the supplies available.
While you are waiting for your vaccine appointment, it’s important that you continue to follow COVID-19 safety guidelines, including wearing a face mask, keeping your distance and washing your hands.
How can I get vaccinated at a walk-in clinic?
Some vaccination centres are now offering walk-in vaccination clinics at specific times. This will allow people aged 16 and over to receive their vaccine without making an appointment. These clinics are for your first vaccination dose only. After you receive the first dose at a walk-in clinic, you will receive a text message with details of your second appointment.
Walk-in clinics are open on specific days and times so it is important to check these details on the HSE website before arriving. If you show up outside of these times, you will not be vaccinated.
If you have already registered online and are waiting on an appointment for your first dose, you can choose to go to a walk-in clinic instead.
Find a walk-in clinic near you.
What information do I need to bring with me?
There is certain information that you will need to bring with you when you are getting your vaccination.
If you have an appointment for your vaccine, you will need to bring the appointment information with you. This will be on your mobile phone or in a letter.
You will also need a photo ID that shows your date of birth. This can be your:
- driving licence
- Public Services Card
- travel pass
- National Age Card
- school or college ID
If you have no photo ID, you can bring your birth certificate with you.
If you have already registered online and wish to attend a walk-in clinic, you will need to bring photo ID with your date of birth, or your birth certificate if you do not have this.
If you have not registered online, you will also need to provide the following when you visit a walk-in clinic:
- Personal Public Service (PPS) number, or proof of address if you do not have a PPS number
- mobile phone number
- email address
Deciding which vaccine to register for
If you are aged 16-17, you will receive one of the mRNA vaccines: Pfizer or Moderna. These are the recommended vaccines for your age group.
If you are 18 and over, you have a choice between two types of COVID-19 vaccine:
- mRNA vaccines: The Pfizer or Moderna Vaccines are mRNA vaccines, which are the recommended vaccine for people under the age of 50
- Viral Vector Vaccines: The Janssen and AstraZeneca vaccines are viral vector vaccines.
Read more about the types of COVID-19 vaccines below.
Which vaccine should I choose?
If you are 16-17, you will receive either Pfizer or Moderna as these are the vaccines authorised for your age group.
If you are 18 or over, it is up to you which type of vaccine type you decide to get – a mRNA vaccine (Pfizer or Moderna) or a viral vector vaccine (Janssen or AstraZeneca).
The mRNA vaccine (Pfizer or Moderna) is the recommended vaccine for those under the age of 50. The reason for this is because the Janssen and AstraZeneca vaccines have a very rare risk of unusual blood clots in younger age groups. However, the Janssen and AstraZeneca vaccines are still considered safe.
How much protection will I get from the vaccine?
All vaccine types offer very good protection from severe illness from COVID-19. Evidence so far suggests Pfizer and Moderna offer slightly higher protection. However, you will still get very good protection from Janssen and AstraZeneca.
Consent and the vaccine
If you are 16 and over, you do not need to get permission from a parent or guardian to be vaccinated.
Do I need permission from my family to get vaccinated if I am under 18?
People aged 16 and over can consent to medical treatment, which includes getting vaccinated. This means you do not need to get permission from a parent or guardian to get the vaccine.
As a 16-17 year-old, you have the right to consent to the vaccine. It is important to seek accurate and up-to-date information from reliable sources such as spunout and the HSE website so that you can make an informed decision. If you have any questions and concerns about the vaccine, you can speak with your GP or the person giving you the vaccine.
My family doesn’t support my decision around the vaccine. What can I do?
As someone who is 16 or over, you have the right to make your own decision about the COVID-19 vaccine. If you want to be vaccinated but your parent or guardian is against it, consider speaking to them about it if you are comfortable doing so. Explain to them why it is important to you that you get the vaccine. If they still have concerns, you could share this article with them, or consult your GP together. Even if they do not have the same views as you, ask that they respect your decision.
If you rely on your family for transportation and they do not want to bring you for your vaccination, there may be other options available. Consider asking a trusted friend, another family member or colleague to bring you for your appointment. If you do travel with them, be sure to wear a face mask for the journey. You could also look into public transport options if you are comfortable doing so and they are available. If you do decide to take a bus or a train, make sure you follow the guidelines on using public transport safely during COVID-19.
Types of COVID-19 vaccines
There are currently four vaccines approved for use in Ireland. All of these vaccines have been tested to ensure they are safe for use and effective in protecting against COVID-19. All COVID-19 vaccines prepare your body’s immune system to defend itself against the virus.
You cannot get COVID-19 from a vaccine. Instead, it helps to protect you against the virus.
If you are aged 18 to 34 and book a vaccine through a pharmacy, you will receive the Janssen vaccine. This is also known as ‘the Johnson & Johnson vaccine’ as Johnson & Johnson are the company that makes this vaccine.
You will receive one dose of this vaccine in your upper arm. It takes 14 days after getting the vaccine to have the best protection against COVID-19. This is when you are considered to be fully vaccinated.
The Janssen vaccine is not recommended for people who are pregnant or those who are allergic to any of the ingredients. If the Janssen vaccine is not suitable for you for these reasons, or if your doctor advises you that it is not suitable for another medical reason, you will be offered another vaccine.
There is a very rare risk of developing unusual blood clots with low platelets with the Janssen vaccine. The risk of this very rare condition is higher in younger people for both vaccines. Learn about Janssen side effects to know what to watch out for after receiving the vaccine. Remember, these side effects are very rare, but if you are concerned about the risks of the vaccine, talk to your GP or the person giving you your vaccine.
Young people have the choice to opt-in for the AstraZeneca vaccine.
You will need two doses of the AstraZeneca vaccine. You will receive your second dose four to 12 weeks after your first dose. It takes 15 days after getting the second dose to have the best protection against COVID-19. This is when you are considered to be fully vaccinated.
If you are pregnant and have not been given a vaccine yet, you will be offered a different COVID-19 vaccine to the AstraZeneca vaccine. However, if you have already had your first dose of the AstraZeneca vaccine, you should still get your second dose. If you are allergic to any of the ingredients in the AstraZeneca vaccine, or if your doctor advises you that it is not suitable for another medical reason, you will be offered another vaccine.
There is a very rare risk of developing unusual blood clots with low platelets with the AstraZeneca vaccine. The risk of this very rare condition is higher in younger people for both vaccines. Learn about AstraZeneca side effects to know what to watch out for after receiving the vaccine. Remember, these side effects are very rare, but if you are concerned about the risks of the vaccine, talk to your GP or the person giving you your vaccine.
If you register to receive a vaccine at a vaccination centre, Pfizer is one of the vaccines that you might receive. This is also known as the BioNTech vaccine.
You will need two doses of the Pfizer vaccine. You will receive your second dose four weeks after your first. It takes seven days after getting the second dose to have the best protection against COVID-19. This is when you are considered to be fully vaccinated.
If you are allergic to any of the ingredients in the Pfizer vaccine, or if your doctor advises you that it is not suitable for another medical reason, you will be offered another vaccine.
If you register to receive a vaccine at a vaccination centre, Moderna is one of the vaccines that you might receive.
You will need two doses of the Moderna vaccine. You will receive your second dose four weeks after your first. It takes 14 days after getting the second dose to have the best protection against COVID-19. This is when you are considered to be fully vaccinated.
If you are allergic to any of the ingredients in the Moderna vaccine, or if your doctor advises you that it is not suitable for another medical reason, you will be offered another vaccine.
Does the COVID-19 vaccine cause any side effects?
Some people who receive the COVID-19 vaccine will experience mild side effects such as pain in the area that the vaccine was given, joint pain, sickness, fever, headaches and tiredness. These usually disappear after a few days. If you do get side effects after your vaccine, you can report them to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.
Serious side effects like severe allergic reactions are extremely rare. Your vaccinator will be trained to treat any allergic reactions if they do occur. If you are concerned about any side effects after you get your vaccinated, you can contact your GP for advice.
Janssen and AstraZeneca side effects
In addition to the side effects listed above, unusual blood clots are one very rare side effect of the Janssen and AstraZeneca vaccines. The risk of this very rare condition is higher in younger people for both vaccines. Learn about Janssen side effects and AstraZeneca side effects to know what to watch out for after receiving the vaccine. Remember, these side effects are very rare, but if you are concerned about the risks of the vaccine, talk to your GP or the person giving you your vaccine.
COVID-19 vaccine concerns
There is a lot of information out there about the COVID-19 vaccines. However, not all of it is true. It is important to understand the facts about COVID-19 vaccines and to know that they have all been tested to make sure that they are safe.
Do I have to get a vaccine?
It is up to you to decide if you want to get a COVID-19 vaccine. However, getting a vaccine is the best way to protect yourself and others from COVID-19.
Will a vaccine stop me from getting COVID-19?
A vaccine will greatly reduce your chances of getting COVID-19. If you do get COVID-19 after being vaccinated, you are unlikely to get any serious symptoms.
How do we know that the vaccines are safe?
All of the COVID-19 vaccines being used in Ireland have been tested to ensure that they are safe to use. They have still gone through all the usual steps needed to develop a safe and effective vaccine.
There are several reasons why COVID-19 vaccines could be developed more quickly than usual:
- A lot of money was invested into researching them around the world
- The high number of COVID-19 cases worldwide meant that vaccine trials could quickly measure differences in diseases risk
- Large scale manufacturing of vaccines started before the results of trials were available
- Regulators and those developing the vaccines started their conversations very early so the authorisation process could be done quickly once trials were complete
What if I am pregnant?
The COVID-19 vaccine has not been shown to cause any harm to pregnant people or babies in the womb. Getting a vaccine will greatly reduce your chances of getting COVID-19 while pregnant and becoming very ill.
If you are pregnant, your maternity hospital will phone you to arrange a vaccine for you. You can also talk to your obstetrician (doctor specialising in pregnancy and reproductive health) or midwife at any of your hospital appointments to arrange getting your vaccine.
You should receive your first dose of your COVID-19 vaccine at or after 14 weeks of pregnancy. You should receive the second dose before the end of 36 weeks of pregnancy.
The vaccines being offered to pregnant people are the Pfizer and the Moderna vaccines.
Read more about COVID-19 vaccines and pregnancy.
What if I am breastfeeding?
There is no known reason to avoid breastfeeding after you get your COVID-19 vaccine.
If you have any other concerns or questions about the COVID-19 vaccine, your vaccinator will be happy to answer any questions you have at your appointment. You can also visit the HSE website for accurate and up to date information on the vaccines.
Need more information?
Would you like more information? Maybe you would like to talk through your own situation? Get in touch through our online chat system for 16 to 25 year olds – Monday to Friday 4pm to 8pm.
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