Everyone should carry a condom if there's any possibility of sex
Condoms are the most effective form of protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs) during vaginal sex, anal sex, or oral sex performed on a penis. They are also an effective contraceptive for preventing pregnancy.
Condoms are 99% effective when used properly. Many young people are advised to use condoms with another form of contraception to protect against all possible risks.
You should never feel embarrassed to buy condoms. They come in a wide variety of flavours and shapes: all intended to enhance your pleasure and safety. However, it's important to be able to use condoms correctly in the heat of the moment. A condom is easy to use – once you get the hang of it. Practice makes perfect, so learn how to use one before you need one for real.
It is important to remember, that like all contraceptives, condoms are not 100% effective. Therefore, some young people use condoms with another method to protect against pregnancy and sexual infections. Talk to your doctor to find out about the contraceptive that will work best for you. Although there is no fear of pregnancy, it’s just as important for gay and bisexual men to use condoms, to prevent the risk of HIV and other sexual infections.
- Widely available, no prescription necessary.
- Allows both men and women to take responsibility for contraception.
- When used correctly the condom helps to protect both partners from sexually transmitted infections including HIV.
- No side effects.
- Practice is necessary to ensure a condom is put on correctly.
- Condoms can get damaged if not handled carefully or an oil-based lubricant is used.
- Must be used before the expiry date.
Where can I get them?
Condoms are available in pharmacies, vending machines in nightclubs and pubs, supermarkets, GUM clinics and often in student unions and health centres. Always buy condoms with a quality mark (Kite or CE mark). Health clinics and students unions will often give away free condoms. Here's a list of places to get free condoms.
Remember, if you need a lubricant, make sure it’s water based, for example KY Jelly or Sensilube. Anything else could damage the condom.
When should I use them?
Ideally, you should use a condom every time you have sex. Remember, even the tiniest drop of fluid from the penis during the early stages of an erection (pre-cum) can contain sperm and sexually transmitted infections. You should also always use a condom if you're uncertain of your partner's sexual history or if you know your partner has HIV or any other sexually transmitted infection.
How to use a condom:
- Always put a condom on well before you start to have sex or touch your partner's genitals.
- You might not notice it, but some semen comes out of the penis before you cum.
- Make sure the condom fits securely on the hard penis (erection): you can buy condoms in different sizes.
- Don’t let anything sharp (fingernails, jewellery, scissors) damage the condom when you open the package.
- Squeeze out any air in the tip of the condom before putting it on. An air bubble can cause it to tear during sex.
- Unroll the condom down the length of the hard penis. Leave a little space at the tip for semen.
- Check that the condom is on the right way round. Do this by checking which way it rolls. If you have problems rolling it on, it is probably because it is on inside out, so you will have to start over with a new condom.
- When pulling out after sex, hold the base of the condom and be careful when removing the condom that you don’t spill any semen. Also keep the penis away from the vagina as it will still be covered with semen.
- Wrap the condom and dispose of it safely and hygienically (not down the toilet).
Tips on using condoms:
- If the condom splits or you forget to use one, act quickly.Find out more about emergency contraception.
- It is advised that you do not store condoms in your pocket as it can damage them.
- If you need a lubricant, make sure it’s water based. Don’t use Vaseline, massage oil, baby oil or moisturiser because they can damage the condom very quickly.
- Only use a condom once. Never ever reuse it!
- Don’t even dream of using that mouldy condom that’s been in your wallet for six months! Make sure to check the expiry dates on the packet.
- Going abroad on holiday? Get your condoms first, as asking in a foreign language can be tricky.
Will I be able to feel everything?
You may notice a very slight loss of sensitivity. However, condoms are constantly being updated for enhanced sensitivity and to feel more natural.
Won't using them make sex less spontaneous?
No! There's no need for things to come to an abrupt halt. When you use them regularly, you should find that putting on a condom can add an exciting new twist to your foreplay. Make sure you've stocked up on safety precautions by having condoms at home. Never ever feel pressured to have sex without a condom.
Remember to use dental dams for oral-vaginal or oral-anal sex
STIs can be transferred through oral sex that's performed on a vagina or anus too. Dental dams are the best form of protection here. Check out our article on dental dams here.
Remember: The age of sexual consent in Ireland is 17. If you're over 16, you can consent to medical treatment including any treatment or tests needed.